When it comes to your home, the staircases can make or break it. Often visible throughout much of the house and subjected to heavy traffic day in and day out, today’s homeowners and homebuilders strive to create staircases that not only look great, but stand strong against years of heavy usage. Among the easiest ways to add class and style to your home’s interior, regardless of whether you are creating a new staircase from scratch or renovating an existing one, is to utilize custom stair parts for its various components.

Today’s staircases are anything but ordinary. While custom hard wood varieties will likely forever remain favorites, more and more folks are putting their own spin on them by using them in combination with wrought-iron balusters, elegant handrails and other customization options. Here’s a closer look at common stair parts and how you can use custom designs to create eye-catching conversation pieces while presenting a style all your own.

The Treads, Riders + Stringers

Simply put, the treads are where your feet touch, the risers are the vertical parts between the treads and the stringers fall on the outside of both and serve to hold the treads and risers together. Often designed to match with existing hardwood flooring in a home, these components come in countless wood varieties, among them alder, walnut, cherry, mahogany, oak and pine, among others. Balusters don’t have to be made of wood, however – some homes feature wrought-iron and tubular steel designs that offer a unique and industrialized look and feel.

The Newel Posts + Balusters

The newel posts and balusters are the vertical staircase elements that fall between the stairs themselves and the handrails. The “newel post” is the point of strength, and it is typically found at the base of the stairs, at the top and in the middle if the stairs have a landing. The balusters, on the other hand, primarily offer safety (laws dictate they cannot be more than four inches apart), and they are often classified as either square-top or pin-top in design. Balusters can range from quite basic to very ornate and architectural in terms of style, and some people like to choose wrought-iron varieties to create a strong and striking pattern for material-design contrast.

The Handrails

The staircase handrail offers a great opportunity to inject even more of your personal style into the interior of your own home. Designed for gripping, handrails come in rectangular, round, oval and highly detailed styles, and while the intent of the handrail is to offer a graspable support, a fine hard wood handrail can dramatically impact your home aesthetics as well.

Whether you’re seeking a traditional style or something new and contemporary, the options are endless when it comes to designing your own custom interior staircase. Choose the same material for all your stair parts or choose a combination in line with your own personal preferences, but go with custom stair parts to present your home in the best possible light.